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tv   BBC World News  PBS  November 30, 2010 6:00pm-6:30pm EST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> and now "bbc world news." >> british-american fears over the possibility of nuclear terrorism are made public in the latest confidential documents from wikileaks. life on the streets of the world's most dangerous city. we have the airport from the capital of somalia. >> the african union behind. as you can see. >> we must reach agreement on missile defense, or start a new arms race, warns the russian president. welcome to "bbc news", broadcast to viewers on pbs. and holocaust survivor accused of committing a sin by renting part of his home to their students. vintage art. how japanese comic book
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characters are proving a boon to french wine makers. hello. the risk of nuclear terrorism is spelled out in the latest batch of documents released by the website wikileaks. in supposedly confidential government cables, britain, the u.s., and russia expressed deep concern that islamist militants could still enough material to construct and detonate a crude nuclear weapon. our security correspondent has this report. >> it is official. the fate of pakistan's and a clear arsenal is worrying the west. secret cables released tonight by wikileaks revealed a catalog of fears. the u.k. has deep concerns about
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the safety and security of pakistan's nuclear weapons. despite safeguards of pakistan's side, classified cables real fears of a nuclear confrontation between pakistan and india. others warn of nuclear terrorism. the major concern is that someone working in the facility could gradually smuggle enough material out to make a weapon. again and again, the tables referred to deteriorating security in pakistan. there is mention of attack by extremists on a bus carrying workers. 120,000 people are directly involved in pakistan's nuclear and missile programs. there is no way, he said, to guarantee they are 100% reliable and loyal. concerns over the security of
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pakistan's nuclear materials are not new. the language used in these confidential cables gives us the clearest picture yet of what western governments fear. al qaeda or its affiliates getting their hands on enough material from pakistan to build themselves a crude nuclear device. >> no nuclear material has been stolen. it has been offered by some scientists on the black market. individuals met with al qaeda is leadership to talk about exchanges of nuclear material. the concern is if that material into in the wrong hands, the consequences of that are enormous. >> this will be deeply unwelcome in pakistan where many accuse the west already of deliberately scaremongering so it can seize the strategic weapons. islamist newspaper calls this
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of vindication. the popular urdu paper advises the u.s. to keep bids diplomacy with the legal and moral limits. this batch of documents proves fear runs deeper than e shown.nts have feare >> somalia has been without proper government for 20 years. its capital is a war zone. why should we care? the constant fighting is of its own making and foreign attempts to mediate have always failed. sometimes -- with bloodshed. the fighting -- they are fighting a radical islamist
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group linked to al qaeda. our corresponded is in mogadishu, said to be the most dangerous city in the world. >> we are driving through the rubble and the ruins in the heavily armored convoy. with peacekeeping troops here. this is an area that the troops to control alongside members of the somali forces. still very dangerous. they are a kilometer away. the ugandans are up to full strength. it has taken them 50 years to get up to strength. they need more men to be able to
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push back. we come down to the beach front in the center of mogadishu. you get a sense of how beautiful the city once was. this was a glorious seaside hotel. take a look now. it is a ruin. gunfire going on behind us. troops are occupying this building. one of their front-line headquarters. that sounds like outgoing fire. the city is also without some of the most basic medical humanitarian supplies. the african union peacekeepers have set up one of the few hospitals here. their base close to the airport in a secure environment. hundreds come here every day, civilians from across the city looking for help. we saw a child caught in the
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crossfire. he had a bullet in his belly. a soldier injured. the with me here is -- with me here is a major. how many people did you treat in the week? >> it has been referred to as a ghetto. [unintelligible] in this place, three times a week, we offered free medical care to all who can access this. international peacekeepers have an important role to play here. small it will have to look after its own security in the long term. that is where these men come into play. these are young volunteers who want to fight. they have been trained here on the beach. some of them have been to uganda
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where the e.u. ihas a training program. they are not only able to reinforce the front lines but eventually to take over entirely. somalia will have a stable future, it is possible these men could play a central role. >> more of the main news for you. t google is accused of abusing its position, giving preference to its own. a report from the pentagon has concluded the ban on openly gay people serving in the u.s. military could be lifted even in times of war without harming military readiness. the defense secretary has urged congress to repeal the policy of don't ask, don't tell.
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most soldiers support the move. one of italy's most celebrated film directors has killed himself by jumping from the upper floor of a hospital in rome. he was 95. he had been suffering from prostate cancer. he directed more than 60 films and was nominated four times for an oscar. the russian president has warned of a new arms race if russia and nato failed to agree on a joint missile defense system. to me treatment of bed -- dmitry medvedev was giving his annual address. >> russia's president reported back on the state of the nation. and the state of relations with the west. from dmitry medvedev came this morning. >> if nato and russia failed to do a deal on a joint shield, over the next decade, we face
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the following choice. either we reach an agreement on a missile defense system, or a new arms race will begin. if that happens, russia will have to decide whether to deploy new offensive weapons. at the nato summit earlier, russia and nato pledged cooperation in the area of missile defense. they have different ideas about how a missile shield should work. there is no guarantee they will reach agreement. >> it was domestic concerns which dominated the speeds. he tried to raise russia's birth rate by offering families that have three children plots of land free of charge. he called for better hospitals, more innovation, and new laws to fight corruption. >> experience shows that even the threat of 12 years in prison does not deter.
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i propose anyone caught giving for taking bribes should be punished with fines up to 100 times the amount of the bribe. >> he spoke of his criticisms and proposals but he did not say a word about his plans for the future. whether he intends to run again in 2012 or whether, as many russians believe, he will step aside at the next election and give vladimir putin the chance to return to the kremlin. >> opposition groups in egypt have described the results of sunday's parliamentary elections as fraudulent. they want a handful of seats. the muslim brotherhood, previously the largest force has lost old seeds. runoff election is scheduled for sunday. our correspondent reports. >> angry opposition supporters
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ransack a polling station in this mobile phone footage that just emerged. like most footage of its type, it is impossible to prove its authenticity. it matches eyewitness reports. over the balcony go ballot boxes. the votes are destroyed. more footage, this time showing blatant rigging. two men are busy putting marks on ballot papers. others put them in the ballot box in what looks like a procedure their familiar with. it is impossible to authenticate. many describe finding ballot boxes already stuffed full. the opposition movement have reacted with fury. reading is the with this operation -- government
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operates. -- rigging is the way this government operates. what about forging the will of the nation? the movement have gone from 88 seats to zero. they could win a few more in the run-up election on -- runoff election and sunday. -- on sunday. supporters have been involved in serious clashes at side stations. government is tubers are talking of a sweeping victory for the ruling party. the position must decide whether to contest the runoff for to boycott would they have condemned as a fraudulent election. and cold.ace, heat we live in extremes. we explore these lands of best contrasts. -- vast contrasts.
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>> a nationwide strike brought the country to a halt. the bangladesh national party called the straistrike. >> the busy commercial districts were empty. most offices were shut. the public transport came to a halt. this came a day after the supreme court rejected an appeal. opposition supporters were determined to express their rancor and disappointment over the treatment of their leader. police were out in force to insure security. more than 25 people were arrested and taken into custody. the political season is warming up with the main parties.
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the government says it has nothing to do with the court's decision. some feel the strikes will be the start of a long political conflict. the strike has disrupted normal life in the country. business leaders say if these tactics continue, it has -- will harm the country's economy. analysts warn if the political parties do not resolve their differences, it will bring back the bitter political rivalry between the parties, leading to more protests and possibly violence. >> briefly, students in italy have been venting their anger at state university budget cuts. three dozen clash wited with rit squads. a new bill to overhaul the university system is being
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discussed in the house -- lower house. the latest wikileaks disclosures show that american, russian, and inglis deployments fear for the security of a nuclear arsenal. warnings of a new arms race of his country is not involved in europe's missile defense shield. the chief rabbi in northern israel told locals not to rent rooms to arabs. an israeli government minister has expressed concern that such relief in the ultra-orthodox community are a threat to israel and the liberal democratic state. our middle east correspondent went to investigate. >> perched on a hilltop in the north of galilee. this town is at the center of political and religious storm. a battle some say for the soul
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of israel. at its center is this 89-year- old man. he has been accused of committing a sin by renting his -- part of his house to three arab students. >> i went through the holocaust. i know how much we have suffered. i cannot so -- except such an opinion. >> the accuser is this man. the chief rabbi. last month, he issued a decree ordering residents not to rent rooms to arabs. he is one of the three tenants. he is a full israeli citizen. that means nothing to those who want him out. >> people have called the house. there will burn it down if we do
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now leave -- and they will burn it down if we do not leave, they said. >> many believe jews and arabs cannot and must not live together. >> these posters began appearing all over the city. they say that people here should not rent rooms to arabs and should not give work to arabs and should not give them any foothold in this community. there has -- they have been taken down. decreebi issuewho issued the remains unrepentant. the rabbi refused our repeated requests for an interview. i went to his house to try to find him. nothing happening. later, one of his fellow rabbis disagree to me. >> the torah tells us that jews
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should not give a place to gentiles. this is the land given to us by god. anyone else here is as a guest. >> with a high birthrate, the ultra-orthodox are one of the fastest-growing sections of this population. their beliefs are a direct challenge to israel's second -- secular democracy and the 20% of israel's population that is arab. >> we are kicking off a series of reports looking at various extremes and how and where we live. we will be looking at the building blocks of our lives in finding out where the best and worst places are to live. >> this is our world, a global village, they say. it is a world of extremes. some survive in searing heat.
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others live in places of ice floes and freezing cold. some parts of our world exist without rule of law. in others, the state controls everything. where we are born, where and how we live profoundly shape how far we will go. we live in a world where our lives are poles apart. it has to make our political discourse is about the center, about bridging the differences, finding common ground. why is it difficult for us to meet in the middle? we are constantly coming together. so many summits and smiles. people outside these hallowed halls often wonder what it
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really achieves. i have heard afghans and iraqis ask, why can a country which put man on the moon get electricity to work. there is in comprehension on both sides. at the top, diamonds glitter for the billionaires'. problems and priorities simply are not the same. the gaps grow wider. we are pulling apart. ideology and language are used to define as, for as, against as, allies and enemies. we talk of extremists, radicals, traders. the battle lines are so harshly drawn, it is hard to see how they can be crossed to find common ground. the reality is, in some ways, we're getting closer together.
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things like trade, our travel, technology are shortening the distance between us. remember that theory about the butterfly, when it flaps its wings in one part of the world? it has an impact in the other. no matter how far apart our world can seem, there are connections between this and the matter. -- they matter. getting closer can bring both bad and good. our sense of shared humanity allows us to reach out to help. it can make it easier for us to be harmed or to cause harm. in the end, it is self-interest that may drive is closer together. >> more tomorrow. japanese manga comics are known
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for their blend of fantasy and romance. lonely heroes practicing violence. one features two heroes who travel the world tasting wine. >> in france, he is a little- known wine maker who has been tending his fines for 400 years. fords family's vines for years. in japan, he is a cult figure. the unlikely hero of a manga comic strip. after the screening of the tv version, he was forced to
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suspend sales. he had sold everything. >> we were scared of the speculation. ethically, our first reaction is we were going to be finished. retail and distributors will be pillaged. ng left. nothi8n >> the cartoons recount the adventures of a wine expert and his friend who follow a series of clues to discover the best wines in the world. there are 15 books in the series and they sold millions in asia. when the cartoons featuring his wife were published, he took over 200 orders from japan alone. behind the pen name of the cartoon's artist is a brother and sister team, both with extensive knowledge of wine
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making. they paid a visit to to the estate after a tasting in japan. only 5000 of the 120,000 bottles he produces are an elite exported to japan. his first priority is to protect his regular customers. suddenly, he has an army of asian fans following the trail --ere comic-book heroes wit with their heroes. >> a 3-year-old boy has been freed after getting stuck in a washing machine. his mother reckons he got trapped world playing hide and seek. his rescue involved several firefighters and a circular saw and a lot of care. it was a happy ending. after an hour, he emerged unscathed. you can find that story and the
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international news online. we are on twitter and facebook as well. thanks for watching. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold, get the top stories from around the globe, and click to play video reports. go to bbc.com/news to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you? >> there is one stage that is the met and carnegie hall. >> o, that this too, too solid flesh -- >> it is the kennedy center. >> check, one, two. >> and a club in austin. >> it is closer than any seat in the house, no matter where you call home. >> the top of the world, and i'm there, i'm home. >> pbs -- the great american stage that fits in every living room. your support of pbs brings the arts home. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. presented by kcet, los angeles.
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